A dog’s fur coat is one of the most beautiful aspects of the animal. However, a pet can develop hair loss at some point in its life. Excess shedding can be alarming, but discovering the cause is not out of reach. Here are some of the most common causes for dog hair loss.
The best outcome you could have is that nothing is wrong with your dog at all. It could just be seasonal shedding. Some breeds build up a winter coat and shed it in the spring, while others shed profusely year-round, such as corgis.
Another reason for dog hair loss is a nutritional imbalance. Dogs need significant percentages of protein and fat in their diets for healthy skin, and thus a healthy coat. Without those nutrients, their fur may become dull and dry and fall out. Your vet can recommend the best dietary plan.
In some cases, a stressful circumstance can cause a dog to lose hair. It could be moving house or the departure of a close companion. When the pet is calmer, one could expect its fur to regrow.
An allergy may be the most common reason for dog hair loss. A canine can have three different types of allergies: environmental, flea, and food allergies. An environmental allergy, also known as atopy, is the most prevalent.
Yeast and bacteria may always be present in your dog’s fur at a small level, but a build up of these can lead to an infection. Ringworm, one of the most common, is a fungal infection that requires an ointment or cream for treatment.
Mange in dogs involves two types of parasitic disease. One, called demodectic mange, cannot transfer to humans. The other, which is sarcoptic mange or scabies, can. Flea and tick preventative treatments typically solve the problem.
Alopecia is a genetic autoimmune disease in which the body rejects its own hair follicles, and hair loss happens in patches. Unfortunately, there is no known cure, but it only occurs in a few breeds. In some cases, the alopecia is merely seasonal.
Cushing’s disease is a hormonal disorder in which a tumor in the pituitary gland produces too much cortisol. Your dog would have other symptoms besides hair loss, including muscle weakness, incontinence, an enlarged belly, and excessive thirst and hunger. Before jumping to any conclusions, however, talk with your vet for a proper diagnosis.
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