Small pets have different needs than people do to feel their healthiest and most comfortable. Temperature control is one of those needs. Human beings have ways to tolerate high heat and the frigid cold, but pets, especially smaller ones, may be more sensitive to such temperatures. In Maryland, it is crucial to know the proper temperature control for small pets so yours can live its best life.
Temperature Control for Small Pets
Proper temperature control for small pets pertains to dogs, cats, and other small mammals such as rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, chinchillas, and rats. As small-bodied mammals, these creatures are more sensitive to temperature and humidity than larger creatures usually are. Going below or above their comfortable temperature and humidity range could easily put them at risk of injury or death.
Ultimately, one should look up the ideal temperature range for their specific pet, as each species differs slightly. For example, the best temperature range for rats is 64-79 degrees, 60-85 degrees for guinea pigs, and 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit for hamsters. It is best to keep small pets indoors with the thermostat set to around 70 degrees Fahrenheit, especially during very hot or cold seasons.
Heatstroke in Small Pets
Whether your pet is a dog or a rat, you will likely see similar symptoms between species where heatstroke is concerned. Should your pet ever begin to overheat, it may demonstrate the following symptoms:
- Loss of appetite
- Bright red tongue
- Bright red gums
Your pet will also likely be hot to the touch. To rescue a pet that is overheating, bring the animal into a cool place out of direct sunlight and place a cool compress on its body. Do not use a cold compress, as it could shock the pet’s system. To be even safer, contact your vet for directions and to check its health.
Hypothermia in Small Pets
If your pet ever experiences hypothermia, it could display the following symptoms:
- Loss of appetite
- Lack of movement
- Trouble breathing
- Appearance of hibernation
Your pet will also feel cool to the touch in this condition. Move your pet to an ambient place without draftiness and surround it with an appropriate material to warm it. Warm water and massages can help. Contact your vet for more information.
Trust the Care of Your Pet to the Professionals at Everhart Veterinary Medicine!
At Everhart Veterinary Medicine, our veterinary professionals strive to provide your pet with the very best of veterinary care. We believe that the best care for your pet should be provided by experienced, compassionate, and knowledgeable veterinary professionals. With two Maryland locations in both Baltimore and Pasadena, we are always ready to welcome your pet as a new patient! Give us a call today at 410-355-3131 or 410-793-7670! For more information, as well as updates on veterinary news and topics, visit us on Facebook, Twitter, or LinkedIn!